On arrival to the test centre you should make your way to the waiting room approximately 15 minutes before the test time.
Arriving late will mean the test will not go ahead and you must reapply for another test.
Wait untill your name is called then follow the driving tester into the office and take a seat at the testers desk.
Having spoken to you and read your learner permit details then the tester will first test your knowledge on the general rules of the road.
You will be asked to identify a selection of road signs and to answer a selection of questions on the Rules of the Road.
To help with your preparation, National Driving School has produced this helpful guide which includes some of the more popular questions and answers that you must know as first impressions to the tester lasts.
We have also included some additional questions without answers to test your knowledge. If you don’t know the answers, ask your instructor to help!
Rules of the Road Q&A- Your National Driving School Guide
1. When can you overtake on the left?
you want to go straight ahead & the driver in front of you has moved out
& signalled that they intend to turn right.
- When you have signalled that you intend to turn left.
- When traffic in both lanes is moving slowly & traffic in the left-hand lane is moving more quickly than the traffic in the right-hand lane.
2. What is meant by a solid white line in the centre of the road?
You must stay to the left & must not cross the line unless it is for access or in an emergency.
3. What does a broken yellow line mean?
The road contains a hard shoulder which is normally only for pedestrians & cyclists but may be used briefly to allow faster traffic to overtake if it safe to do so.
4. What does double broken white lines along the centre of the road mean?
These alert the driver to continuous white lines a short distance ahead. You must not cross them unless it is safe to do so.
5. At a stop sign that has no white line, where should you stop?
You must stop at the sign.
6. Where there is a continuous & a broken white line along the centre of the road, which one do you obey?
You must obey the line that is nearest you.
7. Who has priority at a roundabout?
You must give right of way to traffic already on a roundabout.
8. When driving, when should you dip your headlights?
- When meeting other traffic.
- When following close behind another vehicle.
- On continuously lit roads.
- In snow, fog, dusk/dawn.
- Generally, to avoid inconveniencing other traffic.
9. What should you do if you are dazzled by another vehicle’s headlights?
down & stop if necessary.
- Always watch for pedestrians or cyclists on the side of the road.
- If the dazzle is from an oncoming vehicle, avoid it by looking towards the left verge until the vehicle has passed.
- If the dazzle is from a vehicle behind you & reflected in your mirror, operate the night-driving mode on you mirror.
10. What restrictions are there in relation to the use of the horn?
Do not use a horn in a built-up area between 11.30pm & 7.00 am, unless there is a traffic emergency.
11. Within what distance from the kerb should you park?
12. Where should you not overtake?
Near a bend, the brow of a hill, a hump back bridge, a continuous white line, where your vehicle would obstruct a sign, at an entrance, opposite another vehicle on a narrow road, a taxi rank.
13. What is the sequence of traffic lights?
Green, Amber, Red.
14. What does a clearway mean?
No parking during specified times or stopping unless you are waiting in a line of traffic.
15. What rules apply to a box junction?
You must not enter a yellow box junction unless you can clear it without stopping. An exception is when you want to turn right. You may enter while waiting for a gap in traffic coming from the opposite direction as long to do so would not block other traffic that has priority.
16. What is the difference between a pelican crossing & a zebra crossing?
A pelican crossing is controlled by lights. A zebra crossing has flashing orange beacons & is controlled by the presence of pedestrians.
17. What does an island in the centre of a pedestrian crossing mean?
Zebra crossings with a central island should be treated as two separate crossings.
Pelican crossings that go straight across the road count as one crossing even if there is a central island.
If Pelican crossings on either side of the central island are not in a straight line (staggered), they count as two separate crossings.
18. What do the white zig-zag lines at a zebra crossing mean?
No overtaking or parking.
19. What is the speed limit on a) national roads (primary & secondary) & on b) motorways?
b) 120 km/h
20. What are the speed limits in built up areas?
Usually 50km/h unless special speed limits apply to designated roads and zones. Special speed limits are generally 30km/h or 60km/h.
21. What is the minimum tread depth on tyres?
Most vehicles on the road must have a minimum tread depth of 1.6mm over their main treads.
22. What are the rules regarding bus lanes?
A with-flow bus lane runs in the same direction as the traffic beside it & can be used by bicyclists & taxis as well as buses & is reserved during the times shown on the information plate.
A contra-flow bus lane is reserved only for buses, which means no other traffic may use it day or night.
23. How far away should you park from a junction?
Over 5 metres.
24. What position would you take up for a right turn in a one-way street?
When turning right from a one-way street, drive as close as you can to the right-hand side.
25. What are hatched markings?
Hatched markings are diagonal or chevron markings on the road that can be used for merging traffic, for diverging traffic & for separating traffic travelling in opposite directions (central median islands). If you see these markings on the road you must not enter the area they cover.
26. What does a yield sign mean?
If you see a Yield sign on the road, usually near a junction or roundabout, you must give way to traffic on a major road ahead or on the roundabout & you must not proceed unless it is safe to do so.
27. What is a filter light?
An arrow light, green or amber, you may proceed in the direction of the arrow if it is safe to do so.
28. You are approaching traffic lights & they change to amber, what action should you take?
Stop unless it is unsafe to do so.
29. What does a flashing amber traffic light mean?
Proceed if the crossing is clear but pedestrians have priority.
30. What do flashing red traffic lights mean?
Stop, train approaching
31. What does a continuous yellow line at the side of a road mean?
No parking during certain hours.
32. What do double continuous yellow lines at the side of the road mean?
No parking at any time.
33. Give examples of where you would not park.
Near a bend, the brow of a hill, a hump back bridge, opposite a single or continuous white line, where your vehicle would obstruct a sign, at an entrance, opposite another vehicle on a narrow road, a taxi rank, near a junction, at a bus stop, on a footpath.
34. Within what distance from a pedestrian crossing, should you not park?
15 metres before or 5 metres after.
35. What procedure must you adopt if crossing a dual carriageway with a narrow central median?
If the median is too narrow for your vehicle, you must wait until you can complete the crossing.
36. What are the differences between a motorway and a dual carriageway?
On motorways, exits to left only, no traffic lights, no junctions, no roundabouts, 120Kph speed limits may apply.
37. Who has priority at a unmarked crossroads with roads of equal importance?
Give priority to traffic on the junction & traffic approaching from your right.
38. What are the road markings for no entry?
A continuous & a broken white line with the words “NO ENTRY”
39. What would you look out for on country roads?
Pedestrians, animals, muddy surfaces, concealed entrances, slow moving farm machinery.
40. When being overtaken, what must you not do?
Increase your speed.
41. Where would you never make a U-turn?
In a one-way street, where there is a continuous white line or lines, where a sign directs you not to.
42. What is meant by tailgating?
Driving too close to a vehicle in front, not keeping a safe distance.
43. What human factors can affect your driving?
Alcohol, drugs (prescription and non-prescription), tiredness & fatigue, road rage, attitude.
44. What is coasting & why is it potentially dangerous?
Coasting is when the vehicle is not being driven by the engine i.e. the clutch pedal is held down or the gear lever is in neutral. It is dangerous because it reduces the driver’s control of the vehicle.
45. Who is responsible for seat belts?
For passengers under 17 years of age, the driver is responsible
For passengers 17 years of age & over, the person themselves.
46. When following the road ahead on a multi-lane dual carriageway, which lane would you normally use?
You would normally use lane 1 or the left-hand driving lane, unless road markings indicate otherwise.
47. What is the “2 second rule”?
Used as a measure of a safe following distance of at least 2 seconds in dry conditions, doubled in the wet and extended further in icy conditions.
Test your Knowledge!
- How would you test if your handbrake is working properly?
- How would you test if your brakes are working properly when stationary & when on the move?
- How would you test if your brake lights are working?
- How would you know if you had a problem with your steering?
- How would you check to ensure that your tyres are in good working order?
- How would you check your tyre thread depth?
- How would you check your engine oil level?
- If your brake fluid level is low, what might the reason(s)?
- How would know if your coolant level is low?
- How would you ensure that your head restraint is correctly adjusted?
- What warning light(s) will remain on after turning on the ignition?
Your theoretical knowledge is an important part of the Driving Test preparation and shows the Tester that you know your theory when it comes to the Rules of the road just before going out on test.Making that first impression with the tester is crucial as it sets the theme of the Driving Test.