Monthly Archives: January 2019

How do I know I’m in perfect driving position at the steering wheel

Back trouble is very common today and is now affecting 40% of drivers.
According to the (BCA) British Chiropractic Association 40% of people say that sitting down aggravates back and or neck pain.That’s not good news if you are a driver of any type of vehicle.
We see people everyday over stretching their legs at the pedals,overstretching their arms at the steering wheel,rear view mirror set too high so their neck is constantly straining.Others sitting far too close to the pedals and steering wheel , barely able to feed the steering wheel and therefore causing a dangerous understeer element.

Symptoms of sitting in the wrong position can be,

  • Lower back pain.
  • Neck stiffness and strain.
  • Shoulder tightness.
  • Elbow stiffness.
  • Knee stiffness.
  • Calf cramps

So what can drivers do to ensure optimum seating position at the wheel?

Preparation is key.You wouldn’t prepare dinner without the proper ingredients.
It’s very important to finely tune you driving position according to your height,body type,body shape and size.Comfort is achieved with the correct weight distribution and support for your body in relation to the seat type you have .

Experts from all around the world along with our best teaching practices say that drivers should have their seat pulled forward enough so as to fully extend the clutch pedal while maintaining a slightly bent knee position.(see diagram)
The upright of the seat would need to be slightly tilted back and when turning the steering wheel that your shoulders remain in contact with the seat and not stretching forward with straight elbows.The centre of the headrest must sit higher than a drivers ears.If it’s any lower it can act as a type of fulcrum in an accident and worsen the effects of whiplash .

How to adjust the seat correctly.

  • Try and rest your bottom as near as possible to the backrest.Then the distance from the seat to the pedals is done by way of unlocking the seat pull lever until you move forward far enough until you have a slight knee bend while depressing the clutch.
  • Rest your shoulders as close to the back of the seat as is necessary allowing you to hold the steering wheel with slightly bent elbows.
  • Set the height of the seat to ensure you have a perfect view and not obstructed and clearly able to see out of the full windscreen.
  • Adjust the headrest so as the centre of the headrest is in line with the middle of your ears.
  • Adjust all mirrors to ensure full view through the rear view windscreen.
  • Seat belt on and away you go.

Safe and comfortable from all of us at National driving school.

Driving Confidence

Attaining confidence in driving…
Given the relentless efforts and sacrifice you have made, there is no doubt that your acquisition of driver’s license is a moment of joy and excitement in your life. Nonetheless, this achievement can turn-out to be unworthy particularly when you discover that you often shake and fear behind the wheel.

Undoubtedly, this is an outright demonstration of lack of confidence. Consciously or unconsciously, there are a number of drivers suffering from this same lack of confidence. Therefore, it is important to examine how to gain confidence in driving a car.

The truth be told, feeling confident behind the wheel is instrumental in having a smooth and pleasurable driving. It will not only make driving an easier experience for you, but it will also set you up for success and safety in your driving. This should be bear in mind so as to always awaken your confidence.

More often than not, it has been observed that women top the ladder of fearful drivers. Unfortunately, the perpetual nurturing of fear and anxiety behind the wheel has led to a number of avoidable accidents. This is dissatisfactory. It is high-time; you learned how to gain confidence in driving a car. Confidence, on the road, is required so as to practically handle the car and drive in any form of weather or condition.

It is fundamental to note that, the content of this piece will eliminate your fear and awaken your confidence. Owing to the ingenuity of our – – professional driving instructors, we have taken the assignment upon ourselves with the aim of eliminating fear in the minds of drivers

Worthy of note, however, is that anxiety or nervousness is not only peculiar to the first-time driver, there are few cases in which experienced driver also shiver behind the wheel. In an attempt to overcome this bad habit, kindly find these pieces of information on how to gain confidence in driving a car resourceful.

Are you a nervous driver? Does the thought of driving on the road make you tremble? Are you curious to learn how to gain confidence in driving a car? Interestingly, here lies a golden opportunity for you. In accordance to a survey conducted by Liberty Insurance, virtually two-thirds of Irish drivers feel underprepared for driving despite the fact that they passed their driving test.

The Techniques of Boosting Driving Confidence

In light of the foregoing, the following techniques will guide you towards the development of driving confidence. These include but not limited to;

Practice, Practice, and Practice

There is no doubt that the old saying ‘practice makes perfect’ continues to hold true. When you regularly practice, your confidence will be increased because of your familiarity with the road. More importantly, always drive your car every day even if you have no specific place to go, a 10-15 minutes drive will be better. Also, try to incorporate roundabouts and park along the route so as to build up confidence.

Traffic Laws

Given the fact that you have become a certified driver, you still need to consolidate your knowledge of traffic laws. By being familiar with the traffic laws, your eyes will be opened to some peculiar regulations within your area. These often include; the speed limit, the appropriate time for signaling, stopping at red lights, stopping at stop lights, keeping a proper distance with other cars and so on. To this end, your confidence will be bolstered.

Get Familiar With Your Car

It is important to categorically state that, your familiarity or non-familiarity with your car will determine if you will shiver behind the wheel. There is no gainsaying that closeness with your car will overwhelm your fear while driving. Therefore, boost your confidence by knowing how to fill your car with gas, how to change the tire, how to jump the car and the use of jumper cables, among others.

Avoid Distractions

Distractions are variables that should be avoided while driving. Driving requires 100 percent attention. Consciously or unconsciously, the high level of distractions will affect your driving confidence. You are, thus, urged to do things that could distract you before the commencement of driving. These may include; turning your music on, setting up your GPS, attending to urgent text messages if needed and so on.

Stick to the speed limit

The speed limits are fundamental to attaining driving confidence. More instructively, over-speeding can make you lose control. It will not only diminish your confidence but can also result in an untimely accident with other cars.

In the same vein, the following tips will be helpful to boost your confidence while driving;

  • Brake Early Rather Than Later
  • Believe in Yourself
  • Drive in All Weather
  • Complete Refresher Driving Courses
  • Go out on your own
  • Force yourself to drive somewhere new
  • Don’t worry about other drivers.

The Irreducible Standard for Driving in Ireland

Knowing the standard age and other basics…
In an attempt to maintain accident-free driving, only those that are mentally upright and intellectually equipped with driving skills should be allowed to drive on the road. In view of this claim, there is a need to know what age you can drive a car in Ireland.

More fundamentally, the minimum driving age is known as the minimum age at which an individual may request or obtain a driver’s license so as to lawfully drive a motor vehicle on public roads. It should be noted that the age is often determined by a number of factors.

More often than not, the driving age is commonly set at 18 years of age. This is because; it is believed that male/female that has attained such age would have grown up with basic social, mental and intellectual wellness. It should be categorically stated that the minimum age varies across different states with different jurisdictions.

To this end, the standard age for requesting or obtaining a driver’s license in Dublin, Ireland, is 17 years of age. Knowing well that male/female are already matured at this stated age, it is indeed a welcome development because a number of people will be empowered with the opportunity to drive and convey themselves from one place to another in utmost convenience.

However, it is instructive to note that the question on what age you can drive a car in Ireland may be below 17 years of age in some circumstances and you will be permitted on the road upon the direct supervision of your driving instructor. More emphatically, this will give you the privilege to be conversant with practical driving before the formal practical driving test.

Worthy of note is that everyone will eventually be subjected to a practical driving test before being issued a recognized driver’s license under their regulation. This is irrespective of your age, status, color or background.

It is particularly interesting to note that, the minimum age within Ireland also vary depending on the type of vehicle. The irreducible minimum is 17 years of age if it is a motor vehicle with a maximum authorized mass control, while it is 16 years of age for work vehicles such as tractors, mopeds, among others. This is an awesome policy that will enhance the people’s productivity due to the reduced minimum age of obtaining driver’s permit.

More importantly, it is an obligation for every potential driver to get certified by regulatory bodies. In an attempt to get this driver’s license, you will be subjected to a rigorous driver theory test at any age.

Thereafter, you will go further to submit your pass certificate to a National Driver License Service (NDLS) center with your application for a first learner permit within 2 years of passing the theory test. For instance, if you intend to apply for a learner permit for Category B vehicles (cars), you must be 15 years of age or older when you pass your driver theory test so as to get your first learner permit when you attain 17 years of age.

There is no gainsaying that refusal to submit your learner permit application to an NDLS center on or before a period of 2 years of passing your theory test will imply that your test certificate has expired and you will have to undergo the test again. It is worth mentioning that there is no maximum age for taking the driver theory test.

Complaints procedures

Having undergone the theory test at whatever age and you are dissatisfied with the result, you have the exclusive right to appeal this decision. More importantly, you can voice out to the driver theory test supervisor before leaving the test center. This cannot also stop you from filing an appeal form, which can be easily obtained at every test center.

However, you can initiate an appeal within 10 working days of seeing your test result.
As soon as your appeal is received, your test will be instantly re-marked and you will be promptly served with the result under a spate of 5 to 10 working days.

In the light of the above, you will be subsequently served new theory test certificate if it is discovered that there was truly an error on the initial mark.

Basic Requirements for Driver’s Permit

Having clocked 17 years of age and you intend to obtain your driver’s permit so as to cruise in style in Dublin, Ireland, it is then important to bear some basic criteria in mind. Applying for your first learner permit requires you to have already passed the theory test for that category of vehicle.

In addition, you must be able to provide a current valid means of identification in the process of booking and sitting for your test. More fundamentally, other pieces of information on your identification card would be needed at the theory test center so bear that in mind.

how to pass your driving test the first time Ireland

Uncovering the secrets of first-time driving test success…
It is a statement of fact that, your ability to achieve success in your first attempt at the driving test will be anchored on a number of factors and strategies. These strategies, otherwise known as ‘secrets’, are fundamental on how to pass your driving test the first time Ireland.

Against the background knowledge that success is not achieved on a platter of gold, there is a need for you to affiliate with a professional driving instructor with the view of equipping yourself with basic skills and knowledge. We – – have been up and doing in this regard.

Knowing that your success in a driving test is succeeded by the acquisition of legal paper and license, you must afford to prepare through thick and thin so as to emerge victoriously and acquire the passport to legally explore life on the road.

Given that the thought of acquiring your driver’s license can be persistently intimidating; this piece reveals overt and covert secrets on how to pass your driving test the first time Ireland with the view of putting you on the road to success.

More fundamentally, ensure you pass through a professional driving instructor Dublin so as to guide you through the nooks and crannies of Dublin, Ireland, coupled with uncommon skills about driving test. To this end, our best driving instructors Dublin have a wealth of experience in training on how to pass your driving test the first time Ireland through our institution –

The Secrets to Success in First-Time Driving Test

Having established the fact that attaining success in driving test is not a mere play, this section will open your eyes on how to pass your driving test the first time Ireland. More importantly, these below guidelines are tested and trusted tips. We, thus, implore you to put the following into practice;

Enroll with Professional Driving Instructor

The first fundamental step to take when preparing for the driving test is to enroll in a driving school embedded with professional driving instructors. This is because; professional driving instructors will open your eyes to the reality of driving test given their wealth of experience. To this end, we – – have first-class driving instructors that have been benefitting driving students from time immemorial.

Get a Driver’s Guide

Prior to the period of your driving test, it is imperative for you to buy a driver’s guide Ireland. In such piece, you will have access to first-class information that contains both the written and the actual driving test.

In a similar vein, you will be able to learn and digest the basic rules of the road, when to pull over for emergency vehicles, the required speed velocity in every zone, how to manage accidents, and a host of others.

It is instructive for you to read it chapter by chapter. In fact, you can make crisp notes if that will aid your quick remembrance. Also, endeavor to question yourself at the end of each chapter and once you can answer 80% of the questions, then move to the next chapter.

Practice Driving on Test Routes

It is imperative to note that practice makes perfect. In this regard, you will not only practice driving before the test day but you will have mastered virtually all the test routes that will be used during the driving test.

More fundamentally, this is often prohibited in major routes in Dublin, Ireland. As a result, you are advised to practice driving within the general neighborhood. Bearing in mind that you are yet to be certified and to avert ban, you are implored not to restrict your driving route to your local environ.

While the primary focus of the examiner is to appraise the mastery control of your vehicle, it heartwarming to note that practicing driving on certain routes will be helpful to you during the course of your driving test. If you over speed, violate signs, or still commit egregious errors, you can use this medium to correct yourself.

Keep to Signage

One of the secrets to passing your driving test is to learn and get familiar to the signage. It is instructive to know that the signage or traffic signs will make you informed about a lot of things such as; the street signs, the hand gestures, the point to stop or move, how and when to pull over for emergency vehicles, among others. In the light of the foregoing, you will be saved from committing signage violation during a driving test.

Prompt Arrival for Driving Test

Beyond the fundamental preparations for driving test, it is important for you to be early to the venue on the day of driving test. Undoubtedly, late arrival or being in a rush state of mind to the point of the driving test may result in an untoward performance.

In fact, you are expected to arrive at the venue at least 15 minutes prior to your appointment. This will give you an enabling ground to tender your requirements for proper cross-checking and period to relax before the commencement of the driving test.

Other helpful strategies include, but not limited to:

  • Practice situational awareness.
  • Ask your instructor for a practice test
  • Dress comfortably
  • Go over your theory again

how long is a practical driving test

Getting connected to the time and lots of driving test…
Against the backdrop of the fact that the ultimate importance of enrolling in a driving school is to become a trained and learned driver, the need to know how long is a practical driving test is very fundamental. This will not only give you an insight into the endeavor but will also keep your mind and body ready for the task ahead.

A practical driving test, put differently, a road test is a specially designed procedure under which a person’s ability to drive a motor vehicle is tested and proven. It is a test that is usually conducted after an individual has passed through a driving instructor.

Given our – – track records in driving training, driving students that pass through us do experience hitch-free practical driving test. A driving test is generally concerned with the close monitoring and assessment of a person’s driving ability on the road.

From time immemorial, the volume of time for a practical driving test is 40 minutes. The person subjected to practical driving test will be under a close watch and monitoring while he/she keeps driving for a great deal of 40 minutes. More importantly, you will be mandated to drive for around 70 minutes if you are undergoing an extended driving test owing to the fact that you have once been banned from driving.

Worthy of note, however, is that practical driving test uses some criteria or conditions to examine driving students. These criteria will determine your success or failure. As a consequence, it is important to comprehensively appreciate these conditions with the aim of emerging victorious from any practical driving test.

As a step in the right direction, the following are the conditions upon which an individual will be made to pass through during practical driving test;

  • Eyesight check
  • Safety questions
  • 40 or 70 minutes of drive
  • Independent driving and lots more.

However, the afore-stated points will be subsequently examined in details. Your inability to surpass the standard 40 minutes drive and other rigors may lead to the revocation of your license if you have been given before.

It should be particularly noted that this 40-minutes long practical driving test includes; driving on the public road coupled with different maneuverability tests that take place in a controlled environment such as; driving back and forth through organized traffic cones,
reversing within a corner, undertaking an emergency stops, among others.

how long is a practical driving test

Having answered the fundamental question of how long is a practical driving test, it is worthy of note to equally examine what you will be subjected to do within the 40-minutes practical driving test.

Whether you have once been banned from driving and need to undertake new practical driving test due to the violation of the driving code of conducts or you are a fresh applicant ready to under-go practical driving test, you will both be expected to pass through the below procedures within a short time-frame;

Eyesight check

Within the period of practical driving test, you will be subjected to read a number plate from a distance. More specifically, it is usually 20 meters for vehicles with a new-style number plate while 20.5 meters for vehicles with an old-style number plate. It should be noted that New-style number plates begin with 2 letters coupled after with 2 numbers such as AB51 ABC.

It is instructive that once you fail the eyesight check, your practical driving test will end automatically. Hence, you are urged to take note of this.

‘Show me, tell me’ Style of Questions

There is a need to bear in mind that you will be asked two (2) vehicle safety questions, otherwise referred to as ‘show me, tell me’ questions. This will appear like; ‘tell me’ question at the start of your test, that is before you start driving and ‘show me’ question, that is while you are driving.

Pulling over at the side of the road

More fundamentally, you will be expected to pull over and pull away during your practical driving test. These include; usual stops at the side of the road, pulling out from behind a parked vehicle and so on.

Reversing your vehicle

This is an inevitable task during your practical driving test. Regardless of how long is a practical driving test, the examiner will instruct you to do a parallel park at the side of the road or park in a peculiar parking bay so as to demonstrate your ability reverse in and out.

Independent driving

In this regard, you will be mandated to drive for about 20 minutes by following either the directions from a sat navigator or traffic signs. Either of the two, the examiner will inform you of the exact one to adopt.

what happens if control arm breaks while driving

Averting the dangers of a broken control arm…
Against the unpredictability of machines such as a car, the need to be pre-informed about car features especially the control arm is fundamentally important. There are a number of cases in which control arm breaks unexpectedly, thereby bringing about problems and even fatal accident in some situations.

In this regard, we shall examine what happens if control arm breaks while driving with the aim of identifying ways out. Moreover, this is a scenario that can be prevented or addressed if you are well conversant with its peculiar symptoms.

This piece, therefore, is embedded with first-class information on control arm from our Driving Instructor Dublin and more tips can also be sought from our online platform – – with the view of having a mastery understanding and management of your car control arm when it breaks in a time of emergencies.

More fundamentally, a control arm refers to the suspension component that is usually found in vehicles. However, it is a suspension link that connects the wheel hub and steering knuckles to the chassis. These, therefore, make the bushings and ball joints enable the flex to move in accordance with the conditions of the road and steering input from the driver.

It should be noted that the bushings or ball joints that are attached to the control arm often wear out and can stir all sorts of problems. More often than not, a problematic control arm produces few symptoms which can only be identified by a conscious and alert driver. When these occur, it is expected to service the car promptly.

It is noteworthy that, the control arm navigates in two places. The first is the broad end of the triangle attaches onto the frame and navigates on a bushing, while the other is attached to the steering knuckle and navigates on a ball called a ball joint.

Obviously, if your car has two control arms per wheel (upper and lower) it means a double wishbone suspension type, while if your car has one per wheel it means a MacPherson strut suspension type. Either of the two, it should be functional in attaching the wheels to the frame of the vehicle so as to provide utmost stability.

Me being located in Raheny Dublin, I had these leanings whilst my own intensive driving training. To know more details on the best driving lessons Raheny has to offer , Click here now.

what happens if the control arm breaks while driving

It is imperative for you to be conscious of what happens if the control arm breaks while driving. This will not only give you the opportunity to be on top of the situation but will also nourish you with the ability to correct the abnormality.

Given the above claim, the following are the symptoms of failing control arm;

Steering wandering

The wandering of the steering is a fundamental symptom that is associated with failing control arm. In this regard, the worn out ball joints/blushing makes the vehicle’s steering alignment to shift. The steering may be pulled either to the left or right in the course of traveling down the road. Thus, you will be required to correct the abnormality so as to steer the vehicle straight.

Clunking noises

It is fundamental to note that clunking noises are a regular symptom of problematic control arms on a vehicle. This occurs when the bushings or ball joints are loosened or played excessively; thereby making it knocks during takeoff or when the vehicle is traveling through rough terrain.

Drive Comfort

There is no doubting the fact that irregular blushing will constrain driving performance. Knowing that the primary essence of a control arm bushing is to cushion against small bumps, the heavily damaged one will become ineffective and only results in vibrations throughout the drive.

In worst case scenario, the rubber bushing is fully worn out as the metal sleeves of the control arm begins to rattle and results in an unbefitting ‘clunking’ noise from the front end, particularly while reversing or turning.


A sudden change in the braking effect can be associated with a gross or partial damage of the control arm bushing. This is often due to the fact that, the forward and backward oscillation of the control arm is lost as a result of bushing wear. It should be noted that the prevalence of this situation makes the brake unstable.


As a matter of fact, when your car accelerates at a static position or experience only backward movement; it could be said that control arm is faulty. However, this can also be discerned in its form of speeding, slow pace of turning and trembling to steer. In the same vein, what happens when the control arm breaks while driving also includes the uneven wearing of the tire.

One of friend from Finglas Dublin had acknowledged me upon these informations. To know more details on the best driving lessons Finglas has to offer , Check out here.

How to Overcome Failing Control Arm

The unexpected damage of the control arm, particularly while driving is unwholesome for the driver. It brings about a number of problems. The following are the ways through which control arm failure can be contained;

  • Alignment of the Wheel
  • Correction of the Axle
  • Acceleration and Extreme Turns Test
  • Swinging the Control Arm

Where to buy driving theory test book

So, after undergoing the necessary number of lessons, you feel confident enough to take the driving test. This article is going to intimate you about the basics of the driving theory test. More importantly, you will get information about places and outlets where you can buy the driving theory test book just in case it has been a long time since your last driving lesson, and there is need to get a few things revised.
It is important to note that you must pass the driver theory test before you can be eligible to apply for your first learner permit. In the case where your learner permit has been expired for more than five years or more, there is a need for you take and pass the driving test again to obtain another learner permit.

The driving theory test basically checks your ability and knowledge of the following:

  • Familiarity with the rules of the road
  • Ability to anticipate, circumvent and manage risks
  • Eco driving dexterity
  • Hazard awareness and control
  • Good and affable driving disposition.

A good book about driving theory test will bring you up to skill with any and each of these checks. The driver theory test can be taken at any of the test centers located across the country. Even though the text is computer-based, it is designed to be user-friendly and easily understood by people who little experience or knowledge of computer usage. The test is offered in both English, and Irish languages and candidates with special needs are attended to. A theory test certificate is issued after you must have passed the test and the certificate is a pre- requisite for applying for your first learner permit.

What Categories of the test are there?

There are different categories of the driving test and they correspond typically with the size and type of vehicle in question. The categories of the test include:

  • A – motorcycles and moped (Driving license categories AM, A1, A2, A),
  • B – cars. Tractors and work vehicles (Driving License categories B, BE, W)
  • C – vans and trucks over 3,500kg (driving license categories C, C1, CE, C1E)
  • D – buses (Driving license categories D, D1, DE, D1E)
  • CD – trucks and buses (Driving license categories C, C1, CE C1E, D, D1, DE, D1E)
  • TMT – truck module: for this driving license category, you must have passed D test.
  • BMT – bus module: for this category, you must have passed the C test.

If you already have a driving license for a particular category and you want to get a driving license for a different category for which a different theory test is required, you will have to pass the theory test for that category before you can apply for a learner permit.

Taking the Driver Theory Test.

The driving theory test is computerized as mentioned earlier and can be taken using either a touch-screen monitor or with a keyboard and mouse. The first part of the examination consists of a short tutorial which contains instructions on how to navigate through the exam. It also lets you practice by answering two questions. The exam is designed to be relatable to everyone irrespective of the level of computer literacy. The driving licensing Categories A, B, C, and D tests are available in the Irish language, and if you wish you complete the test in Irish Language, you should indicate that before booking the test.

The format of the test is Multiple choice questions and answers are marked with a square box beside the questions. You are required to pick just one answer you consider to be correct. It is inevitable that you might make a mistake with the answers now and then. When this happens, you can cancel your answer and pick another. You can also skip a question and go back to it at the end of the test. The test is scored automatically, and the results are made available for you immediately. On your success, you will be given a pass certificate for your theory test at the test center.

Whether you pass or fail this test, you will be provided with a score sheet listing the specific categories recommended for further study, based on the performance.

Excellent driving theory test book can be gotten from different offline and physical stores across the country. It is also available at each driving test centers and the RSA website. You can also make an order for the book here.

What Is the minimum amount of driving lessons you need?

If you are considering taking driving lessons or you just started as a beginner, you might probably wonder how much driving lessons are required to take a driving test and subsequently obtain your learner’s permit. In this article, we will tell you all about the driving lessons, and how much of it that you need to be certified to obtain a driving license.

How to Get Prepared Before Taking Driving Lessons

Know what to Expect:

Traffic Lights: Traffic lights are a no-brainer, and pretty much everyone knows the basic about traffic lights, but it doesn’t hurt to re-echo it especially when faced with a real-time practical situation. Green means Proceed. The Amber means stop but be prepared to leave any minute. Red means STOP before the end line.

Obstructions and Easing into traffic: The motorway is a public arena which means there will always be other road users. How do you ease into traffic and avoid obstructions while at it? If there is an obstruction on the way, the sensible thing is to go around it. To do this, ensure you can maintain a door’s width of space between you and the obstruction and be sure that there is no oncoming vehicle. If however, there is oncoming traffic and the road is narrow, you may need to edge closer to the obstruction to keep away from the traffic in the opposite direction. This will allow you to easily maneuver the obstruction as soon as the oncoming traffic clears out. A more critical situation exists where you have obstructions at both sides. Here, patience is required, and you as a driver might need to excuse the way it is considered the more pragmatic thing to do in the circumstance. You will, of course, get adequate knowledge here.

Things You Should Know to Move the Vehicle

The Accelerator:
This pedal is responsible for moving and increasing the pace of the vehicle. It is designed to make the engine of the vehicle run faster in sync to how you step on it. Invariably, a soft touch slightly runs the vehicle faster while a deeper steady press races up the vehicle. Typically, it is located at the far right of the three pedals, and it is usually being pedaled with the right foot.

The brake:
This pedal does more than just putting a halt to the vehicle. For starters, the vehicle signals to the other vehicles behind that you are attempting to slow down, and they should take the cue as well. The pedal is already used to steady and run the vehicle to a comfortable balance, without having to put the vehicle to a complete stop. It is typically controlled with the right foot as well alternating with the accelerator.

The Clutch:
This item is the connection between the engine and the gear wheels. In essence, it controls and the gear stick and thus, it determines whether or not the car even moves at all. It is controlled with the left foot, and when clamped entirely down, it releases the engine from the gears, allowing the latter to be changed without stopping the engine. It is important to practice an excellent clutch control to achieve a seamless gear changing/shifting experience.

The Steering:
The is the round object that practically dictates the whims of the vehicle. Standard practice requires that it is held in a 10/2 O’clock fashion — the right hand on the 2 and the left on the 10. This makes for easy and aligned steering movement. The two hands essentially complement each other, while one pushes or pulls the wheel, the other complements it in height, ready to rein in.

The Handbrake (Engaging/Disengaging):
This is just another braking system. But unlike its counterpart, it is located within arm’s reach. It is usually employed if there is a stoppage time of more than 3 seconds when climbing a hill or if the accelerator is needed to move off easier. To engage, take the strain, press the adjoining button, bring down the lever fully and release. To disengage, press, pull the lever up and release the button before the lever.

Minimum Amount of Driving Lessons That is Required?

A standard driving lesson course requires a 12-hour course broken into 12 different one-hour lessons. In any event, you choose to change your driving instructor at any point during your program. The important thing is to ensure that your logbook is stamped upon the completion of every lesson.

Driving Lessons: what is the minimum required?

If you are considering taking driving lessons or you just started as a beginner, you might be curious as to the what the driving lesson is all about and the minimum number of lessons that are required before you are eligible to take the driving test and subsequently obtain your learner’s permit. From this article, you will have ample knowledge of how many driving lessons is required and all about the driving lessons in general.

Minimum Amount of Driving Lesson That is Required?

A standard driving lesson course requires a 12-hour course broken into 12 different one-hour lessons in any event that you choose to change your driving instructor at any point during your program. The important thing is to ensure that your logbook is stamped upon the completion of every lesson. It is mandatory that you undertake and complete all of these lessons.

What are the Driving Lessons all about?

Driving lessons are officially known as the Essential Driver Training in Ireland. It is a structured training program for new drivers. It offers a robust foundation of training in which they learn to build and horn their knowledge and skills. The driving training covers the essential skills, knowledge, and disposition needed to become a safe and competent driver. Taking the designated and required amount of driving ensures that you imbibe and internalize all the necessary driving instructions and details. The EDT is usually taken with further instructions with the Approved Driving Instructor (ADI) who engages you in plenty of practice and tests.

It is mandatory that all learners must have completed the EDT before they can undergo a driving test. You can make applications for the test online before you have your 12 lessons completed, but you cannot have an officially scheduled date your driving instructor confirms with the RSA that you have completed all the necessary EDT lessons.

The Need for Driving Lessons:

The purpose of the EDT is to guarantee the safety of lives and property by ensuring the proficient training of new and emerging drivers through the development of skills, confidence, and behavior needed to use the motorway by themselves and along with other road users too. The introduction of the EDT for learner drivers is part of the Road Safety Strategy 2007 – 2012. A significant portion of these lessons are practical, but you will need to get acquainted with the basic and essential vehicle controls, checks and maintenance.

Do you have to take an Exam at the end of the Driving Training?

Even though each lesson in the EDT has specific content that must be covered as part of the lesson, there is no formal exam at the end of the EDT. There is only an expected outcome to be achieved from each lesson by listening carefully and paying good attention to your Approved Driving Instructor. You will also need to take necessary further lessons and practice in addition to the EDT program itself. Typically, your ADI will plan each EDT lesson to achieve the desired outcomes envisaged and will provide both written and oral feedback at the end of each lesson. This information is duly recorded in the logbook for proper analysis of performance.

The Practical Driving Test

You will, however, need to take a practical driving test before you can legally drive on your own. You cannot take the driving test within six months of six months of getting the learner’s permit, and your ADI will give you professional advice on when to take your practical driving test. In any case, you will need to get more learning experiences by taking up extra lessons and practicing the EDT with your sponsor, if you have one available.

After completing the Essential Driving Training.

When you are done with the EDT, your ADI will have stamped each EDT lesson as completed inside of your logbook. It is advised that you should keep the logbook safe as you may be required to show it to your driver tester on the day of your practical driving test. Please, it is important that you are aware that your driving training does not finish with the EDT so you should continue practicing with your Sponsor and taking extra driving lesson sessions along the way until you take the test.

We have been able to cover much of the information required to have a basic understanding of what the driving lesson is all about. Also, as shown above, the EDT is a structured activity with a definite pattern. Hence the 12-course spread across a 12-hour time frame must be undertaken appropriately to take the driving test and earn the learner’s permit.

What does PCV stand for in Driving?

It is entirely reasonable to be curious as to the exact meaning of PCV especially if you are learning to be a driver. PCV means Passenger Carrying Vehicle, and it is necessarily any form of motor conveyance that Is not exclusively for private usage. There are special licensing arrangements that allow you to drive buses and minibusses without holding the higher Passenger Carrying Vehicle (PCV) driving license entitlement. If you have a minibus having nine to 16 passenger seats, then you will need to hold a PCV license category D1 or a category D license to driver larger buses.

Now that we have established that PCV means Passenger Carrying Vehicle, in other words, a bus or minibus, what then are the requirements for driving a minibus in Dublin? The following conditions must be met to drive a minibus:

  • The vehicle must be used for social purposes by a non-commercial body.
  • The driver must be aged at least 21 years and above and must have held a full car license for at least a period not less than 2 years.
  • The minibus maximum weight must not be more than 3.5 tonnes or 4.25 tonnes if fitted with a special kind of equipment for the purpose of carrying passengers.

When a minibus is being driven under these conditions, you may not be entitled to receive any payment or consideration for driving apart from out of pockets expense. In the same vein, you are not allowed to tow trailers or use the bus for other illegal purposes. Drivers that are 70 years and above will need to make a special application for licensing which requires meeting certain higher medical standards.

Holders of a full category D (PCV) driving license can also drive a passenger carrying recovery vehicle. The actual meaning of this is defined as a vehicle not being an articulated goods vehicle combinations which:

  • Has an unladen weight not more than 10.2 tonnes
  • Is being operated by the holder of a public service vehicle (PSV) operator’s license
  • Is being used for the purpose of proceeding to, or returning from, a place where assistance is to be or has been, given to a damaged or disabled passenger-carrying vehicle; or is giving assistance to r moving a disabled passenger-carrying vehicle or moving a damaged vehicle.

Getting Started as a Minibus Driver.

Here is a good chance that the reason you want to know what a PCV stands for is that you have the aspirations to be a minibus driver. In this case, if you wish to drive a minibus, a local bus or a long distance coach, you’ll need to add to the skills you’ve already learned from your car driving license. Also, you will also need to learn not only about driving a bigger vehicle but also caring and looking after your passengers for whom you have assumed a paternalistic role bring responsible for their safe and comfortable journey.

Without any doubt, there are certainly a lot of things to learn about driving a passenger-carrying vehicle (PCV) and below is a drop list of some of the things you should know.

  • You must hold a full car license for Northern Ireland.
  • Apply for the correct provisional entitlements on your license
  • Provide a medical report that shows that you are fit to drive a PCV.
  • Make sure any vehicle you intend to drive is roadworthy, properly taxed and insured.

The period which your training may take depends on which category of license you are applying for. Some Instructors offer a driving assessment to determine how much training you are likely to need for your desired type of license. This brings us to the next point.

Categories of the PCV License.

As mentioned earlier, the PCV license is a Category D license that comes on 4 basic types.

  • Category D1: This license if for minibusses with a seating capacity of between nine and 16 passengers. It allows for towing a trailer of up to 750kg simultaneously.
  • Category D1+E: This type of license is also for minibusses with a seating capacity of up to 16 passengers but with trailers allowed in the excess of 750kg. The total weight of both tow vehicle and trailer cannot exceed 12 tonnes and the weight of the trailer cannot exceed the unladed weight of the minibus towing it.
  • Category D: This license allows you to drive a bus with a seating capacity more than eight and a trailer of up to 750kg